VLF Reports - G3XIZ - 5th March 2011

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F4DTL
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Messages : 1553
Inscription : 10 mars 2008, 23:07
Localisation : Ris Orangis JN18FP

VLF Reports - G3XIZ - 5th March 2011

Message par F4DTL » 07 mars 2011, 22:54

LF,

Following my 9.090 909 kHz transmissions last Saturday I received positive reports from the following stations:

Paul Nicholson 218 km
G3ZJO 46 km
G3XBM 45 km
G3WCD 19 km
M0JXM 1.5 km

Many thanks to these stations and to the others who tried to copy me but reported no success.

STATION SET UP

Home built VLF TX with a Droitwich-locked frequency reference and a programmable divider (10.000 MHz / 1100).
Output power - approx 100 watts RF from a MOSFET PA and 30 volt supply.
Aerial - 40 m end fed inverted 'L' at a height of 10m. - running NE / SW
Loading Coil - home made 1.3 H on a wooden-framed former.

Paul Nicholson believes that with a long and stable transmission I may possibly be picked up by mainland European stations.
I hope to be transmitting on VLF most weekends and will publish times and frequencies as appropriate.

73
Chris G3XIZ

F4DTL
Animateur
Messages : 1553
Inscription : 10 mars 2008, 23:07
Localisation : Ris Orangis JN18FP

Re: VLF Reports - G3XIZ - 5th March 2011

Message par F4DTL » 11 mars 2011, 16:24

LF,

I shall be transmitting on VLF again over the weekend.

The main purpose will be to test (and adjust) my new loading coil therefor the transmitted frequency may vary.
I shall keep the reflector informed as to frequency and times that transmissions occur should anyone wish to take a look for my signals.

PRESENT STATION SET UP

TX

I have the option to use either an internal OCXO or an external off-air standard frequency, both of 10.000 . . MHz which is then passed through a programmable divider to give even divisions e.g.
10.000/1110 = 9.090 909 kHz 10.000/1112 = 8.992 806 kHz etc. . .

The PA is capable of giving several hundreds of watts but it has a low output impedance and the aerial system has a high impedance (several kilohms).
To achieve reasonable matching I use a large laminated-core mains transformer with a step up ratio of 1:24

LOADING COIL(S)

To tune out the aerial's capacitive reactance I use a series loading coil (inductor).
The original coil was single-wound, about 600 mm diameter and has an inductance of ~ 1.25 H
With the above TX, loading coil and my 40m inverted 'L' I can generate an aerial current of 0.15 - 0.2A

The original coil's losses seemed high so to improve matters I have wound another unit, this time using heavier gauge wire and of double-layer construction.
Initial results have been disappointing as I generate less aerial current than with the old coil.

The inductance necessary to achieve resonance has also fallen: from ~ 1.25H to ~ 0.75 H implying that the new coil has considerably more self-capacitance.
There are a few hundred turns on it which are not used and may be causing the problem so I intend slowly to remove these, checking the aerial current at intervals.

AERIALS

I generally use my 40m inverted 'L' aerial, height 10m but have the facility (wind conditions being suitable) to launch balloon or kite-assisted wires.
My property borders a public playing field so I need a wind direction SE - S or SW for kite operations and near still air conditions for balloons.

ADVICE

I should be much obliged for information which will enable me to improve the station's ERP and detectability.
Can someone point me in the right direction to improve the matching system, maybe using ferrite cores which are readily available ?
Link coupling to the loading coil may be an option but my early attempts at this merely shorted out the loading coil and damaged the PA, so I have avoided it.

73
Chris G3XIZ

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